Stephens et al report on the surgical outcome for 959 patients with colorectal cancer during an 11 year period. Over time the mortality rate has decreased from 7.8% (2002) to 0% (2012). During the study period there were 28 surgical deaths.
Reynolds et al found that all Units gave verbal cessation advice to smokers. 12 Units in addition gave written advice. 5 Units revisited smoking status in later pregnancy. The authors recommend that smoking cessation services should be implemented in a more standardized way across all Units.